Da porta do herói Martim Moniz até à Rua e à Praça

Martim Moniz placa

Freguesia de Santa Maria Maior – Placa Tipo IV – (Foto: Artur Matos)

A tradição conta-nos que Martim Moniz era um dos cavaleiros de D. Afonso Henriques que em 1147, na conquista de Lisboa, se atravessou numa porta da muralha do Castelo dos Mouros, impedindo o seu fecho e, sendo de imediato morto pelos sitiados garantiu mesmo assim a abertura necessária para a entrada dos exércitos cristãos conquistarem a cidade.

Em 1908 o herói Martim Moniz ganhou uma placa evocativa na porta do seu sacrifício e, em 1915, ficou também imortalizado na toponímia da Mouraria já que a Rua de São Vicente à Guia – que se situava entre a Rua da Mouraria, Rua do Arco do Marquês de Alegrete e a Calçada do Jogo da Pela – se passou a denominar Rua Martim Moniz, pelo Edital de 14 de Outubro de 1915. Contudo, as alterações urbanísticas do local iniciadas a partir da década de 30, a pretexto de ligar a Avenida Almirante Reis ao Rossio, acabaram por fazer desaparecer o Mercado da Figueira, parte da Mouraria e o arruamento.

Na década de 90 do século XX, a edilidade lisboeta procurando preservar a toponímia mais histórica e tradicional da zona, ao arruamento já conhecido vulgarmente por Largo do Martim Moniz – situado entre a Rua da Palma e a Rua do Arco do Marquês de Alegrete- atribuiu o topónimo Rua Martim Moniz, por Edital de 30 de Abril de 1991.

Passados 6 anos e concluída a recuperação urbana desta zona levada a cabo pela Câmara Municipal de Lisboa, determinou esta que o espaço delimitado pela Rua da Senhora da Saúde, Rua Fernandes da Fonseca, Rua da Palma e Rua do Arco do Marquês de Alegrete, onde se situava também a Rua Martim Moniz se passasse a denominar Praça Martim Moniz (Edital de 15/12/1997). Esta Praça foi criada como um novo espaço urbano em que a água e a alusão à conquista de Lisboa pelo primeiro Rei de Portugal se entrelaçam e dominam toda a área.

No mesmo ano, o Metropolitano de Lisboa também iniciou a recuperação arquitetónica e artística da sua estação local mudando também o nome de Socorro para Martim Moniz.

Martim Moniz

Freguesia de Santa Maria Maior  (Foto: Artur Matos)


3 thoughts on “Da porta do herói Martim Moniz até à Rua e à Praça

  1. Pingback: Ruas com Arcos | Toponímia de Lisboa

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  3. Pingback: Novembro: As Ruas dos Cinemas de Lisboa – a partir de amanhã | Toponímia de Lisboa

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